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BANJALUKA, September 11 SEPTEMBRA /SRNA/ - Professor Draško Marinković of the Faculty of Science and Mathematics of the University in Banjaluka says that 230 more children were born in Republika Srpska in 2018 than in 2017 and underlines that it is a result of what was invested before and of the population policy measures carried out in the past ten years.


After a meeting on Wednesday that presented the scientific research study “Demographic Development and Population Policy of Republika Srpska - analysis of the state of play and proposal of measures," Marinković told the press that after spending three months of analysing the state of play and proposal of certain measures, certain positive tendencies were noticed and that the birth rates in Srpska were growing constantly for the past eight years.

He thanked President Željka Cvijanović for launching a demographic revival project.

Marinković added that the fact that Prime Minister Radovan Višković and Serb member of the BiH Presidency Milorad Dodik were attending the meeting showed that it was specifically agreed to work on the measures that were presented.

"We can now talk about innovating and improving certain measures and by promoting these measures the Government can make an operating, that is, action plan for the implementation of some of those measures,” said Marinković, who teaches at the Department of Social Geography and Demography.

According to him, the essence of the proposal was to analyse the lack of births and focus on stopping unfavourable demographic components and improve conditions for more births.

"However, analysing the entire documentation and available data sources, we gave a concrete proposal in terms of the population migration and a third problem, which apart form migration and lack of births is the aging population,” he said.

Marinković thanked the Expert Team and experts from Serbia, colleagues from Srpska, and colleagues from the Analytical Unit of the Demographic Research Centre which implemented the project and did a few surveys.

"Above all, surveyed were mothers on a sample of 600 mothers at the University Clinical Centre in Banjaluka and Counselling Centre for Mother and Child in Banjaluka and more than 1000 women under 50," he explained.

Marinković added that potential migrants were also surveyed outside the Slovenian Consulate in Banjaluka, and that an analysis was underway of a survey carried out in counselling centres where teachers and religion teachers hosted counselling in late August in all schools in Srpska.

"Everything that is stated in the Study derives from the concrete research, field work, previous activities and measures. A complete analysis will be made that will be a recommendation of the Srpska Government as to certain measures and activities,” stated Marinković.

He believes one should be optimistic and that the population climate will improve, and that media can contribute to those efforts as well.

"The 2,000 women we surveyed have a 1.6 reproduction coefficient, and such coefficient in Srpska is 1.3. All these women would like to have two or three babies, that is 2.8 children on average, which justifies population policy measures,” said Marinković.

Answering the question whether effects of the population policy measure introduced by the Government were visible, referring to a BAM405 allowance to unemployed mothers, he said they were and that the measure had already produced results, emphasising that it was stimulating and could be improved.

The scientific research study “Demographic Development and Population Policy of Republika Srpska - analysis of the state of play and proposal of measures" was made at the initiative of President Željka Cvijanović by the expert team headed by Marinković.

Apart from Cvijanović, the meeting was attended by Serb member of the BiH Presidency Milorad Dodik, Srpska Prime Minister Radovan Višković, ministers comprising the Council for Demographic Revival, and members of the Expert Team.

The study is an overview of the demographic policy in Srpska, as well as a proposal of general measures for managing the situation in this field, which are supposed to be the subject of realisation of the competent institutions of Republika Srpska.

Members of the Expert Team are the most prominent experts in the field of demography, reproductive health and social protection Branislav Đurđev, Mirjana Rašević, Mirjana Bobić, Milimir Mučibabić and sociologist Jovanka Vuković. /end/dš