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BIJELJINA, DECEMBER 6 /SRNA/ - On December 7, 1914, the Serbian Assembly adopted the Niš Declaration about the unification of all South Slavs and between the option of unity of all Serbs and unity with other Slavic peoples, it chose the latter.


The Declaration was adopted in war-time conditions during the Austro-Hungarian aggression and grave crimes that the troops carried out in Serbia.

Even though allies made an offer to Serbia to receive parts of the present-day BiH and Croatia inhabited by Serbs after the war, as it was the winner, lawmakers chose the Yugoslav state.

Serbia stressed with the Declaration that its war objective was the unification of South Slavs /Serbs, Croats and Slovenes/ into a new, big state, which would be formed on the ruins of Austro-Hungary.

Presenting its Yugoslav war objective, in the socio-political sense Serbia offered its allies the creation of a big state in the Balkans which could be one of the pillars of stability in the post-war Europe.

The Serbian government invested its entire potential in achieving this objective.

Serbia’s allies /the Brits and French/ either opposed this idea or abstained, but after the Great War they changed their minds.

Serbia’s great contribution to the allies’ victory in World War I, the great sacrifice made by Serbia and the breakthrough of the Salonica front allowed the Serbian army to liberate the present-day territory of BiH from Austro-Hungary and make it possible for the peoples from the present-day parts of Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia to join Yugoslavia.

Serbia and Montenegro were the only countries to bring their state status into the first Yugoslavia.

The unity came about after pleas of Croatian representatives, who sent delegations to Belgrade seeking refuge in Yugoslavia.

The document of unification was signed on December 1, 1918. /end/dš